Pedro Montoya

Full Professor of Biological Psychology

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 pain gaze

Dr. Pedro Montoya (born 1963 in Algeciras) is Full Professor (Catedratico) of Biological Psychology at the University of the Balearic Islands. He received his Psychology degree from Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain) in 1986, and his PhD degree from the University of Munich (Germany) in 1993. He has worked as researcher and lecturer at German and American universities (USA, Uruguay, Argentina, Brazil). His main research and publications are focused on brain activity during cognitive and emotional processing in chronic pain patients. His current interests include the study of brain networks involved in pain, emotional and cognitive processing. His research projects are usually funded by grants from Spanish agencies as the Ministry of Science and Innovation, Ministry of Health and the Balearic Government. He has published several scientific articles and chapter books on fibromyalgia syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, phantom limb pain and pain in individuals with cerebral palsy. Basically, his research has shown that chronic pain may cause significant changes in brain function. Currently, he is conducting research projects in healthy subjects and patients with chronic pain to test the effects of neuromodulatory techniques (, neurofeedback, electrical brain stimulation) on pain relief and the reversal of maladaptive plasticity caused by chronic pain. Ongoing collaborative research projects are also focused on examining brain dynamics in chronic pain patients by using fMRI (Dr. Dante R. Chialvo, Universidad Nacional de San Martín, Argentina) and EEG data (Dr. Jose Garcia Vivas Miranda, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil), as well as the effects of neuromodulation (Dr. Abrahao Fontes Baptista, Federal University of ABC, São Bernardo do Campo, SP, Brazil) .

He has extensive teaching experience in all areas of Behavioral and Cognitive Neuroscience, Physiological Psychology, Psychophysiology, General Psychology and Neuroimaging at the undergraduate and postgraduate level. He has also supervised numerous dissertations and masters' theses at the University of Balearic Islands (Spain) and the Eberhard-Karls University of Tübingen (Germany). He was Guest Professor at the Institute of Health Sciences of the Federal University of Bahia (Salvador, Brazil) and at the Institute for Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology (Prof. Dr. Niels Birbaumer) of the University of Tübingen (Germany). Currenty, he is Visiting Professor at the Center for Mathematics, Computing and Cognition of the Federal University of ABC (UFABC).

In 2011, he co-founded BIPSIN SL, a Spanish technology-based start-up company with expertise in genetic analysis services, health and behavioural research. The company was awarded with the National XVII Young entrepreneurs Bancaja Prize (2011).


Chronic pain and brain activity

University of Balearic Islands 2000 - Current

figure The major aim of this research line is to analyze the brain activity in chronic pain patients using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and EEG. The underlying hypothesis is that chronic pain is characterized by plastic changes of the nervous system. Our experimental design pursues to demonstrate the existence of abnormal pattern in the brain processing of somatic information in chronic pain patients. In addition, we are interested on the influence of cognitive and affective factors on brain plastic changes. Three patients groups with similar sociodemographic, but different clinical characteristics are examined: fibromyalgia, complex regional pain syndrome and rheumatoid arthritis. Brain activity is recorded during nociceptive and non-nociceptive stimulation using fMRI. In addition, psychological characteristics of pain, neuropsychological functioning and pain thresholds are examined. This research is funded by the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia and European Regional Development Funds (FEDER) (grants PSI2017-88388-C4-1-R, PSI2013-48260, PSI2010-19372, SEJ2007-62312, SEJ2004-01332, BSO2001-0693), the Regional Government of the Balearic Islands, and the private foundation La Marato TV3.

Affective processing and emotional disorders

University of Balearic Islands 2000 - Current

This research focuses on physiological changes elicited by processing of affective stimuli and stress. For this purpose, we use recordings of cardiovascular and hemodynamic activity, as well as measures of skin conductance, electromyography and brain activity.



- Riquelme, I., Hatem, S.M., Sabater-Gárriz, A., Martín-Jiménez, E., & Montoya, P. (2024). Proprioception, emotion and social responsiveness in children with developmental disorders: An exploratory study in autism spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy and different neurodevelopmental situations. Children (Basel), 11: 719. doi: 10.3390/children11060719
- Sabater-Gárriz, A., Gaya-Morey, F.X., Buades-Rubio, J.M., Manresa-Yee, C., Montoya, P., & Riquelme, I. (2024). Automated facial recognition system using deep learning for pain assessment in adults with cerebral palsy. Digit Health, 10: 20552076241259664. doi: 10.1177/20552076241259664
- Sabater-Gárriz, A., Molina-Mula, J., Montoya, P., & Riquelme, I. (2024). Pain assessment tools in adults with communication disorders: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Neurology, 24: 6. doi: 10.1186/s12883-024-03539-w.
- Sabater-Gárriz, A., Montoya, P., & Riquelme, I. (2024). Enhanced EEG power density during painful stretching in individuals with cerebral palsy. Res Dev Disabil, 150: 104760. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2024.104760.
- van der Meulen, M., Rischer, K.M., González Roldán, A.M., Terrasa, J.L., Montoya, P., & Anton, F. (2024). Age-related differences in functional connectivity associated with pain modulation. Neurobiol Aging, 111: 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2024.04.008.


- Bautista, J.D., Perales, F.J., Ramis, S., Montoya, P., & Riquelme, I. (2023). Adaptation and validation of a serious game for motor Learning training in children with cerebral palsy. Games for Health Journal. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2023.0082.
- Fontes Baptista, A., Casali, A.G., Oda, A.L., Okano, A.H., Moreira, A., da Silva Santos, A.L.Y., ... Montoya, P., ... & Zana, Y. (2023). Brain Imaging and neurostimulation in health and disorders: status report. Brain Imaging and Stimulation, 2, e5167. doi: 10.17267/2965-3738bis.5167
- Lopes, T.S., Santana, J.E., Silva, W.S., Fraga, F.J., Montoya, P., Sá, K.N., Lopes, L.C., Lucena, R., Zana, Y., & Baptista, A.F.(2023). Increased Delta and Theta Power Density in Sickle Cell Disease Individuals with Chronic Pain Secondary to Hip Osteonecrosis: A Resting-State Eeg Study. Brain Topography. doi: 10.1007/s10548-023-01027-x.
- Riquelme, I., Hatem, S.M., Sabater-Gárriz, A., & Montoya, P. (2023). A multidimensional investigation of the relationship between skinmediated somatosensory signals, emotion regulation and behavior problems in autistic children. Front Neurosci, 17. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2023.1227173.
- Riquelme, I., & Montoya, P. (2023). Factors affecting the use of pain-coping srategies in individuals with cerebral palsy and individuals with typical development. Children (Basel), 10: 131. doi: 10.3390/children10010131.


- Alba, G., Terrasa, J.L., Vila, J., Montoya, P., & Muñoz, M.A. (2022). EEG-heart rate connectivity changes after sensorimotor rhythm neurofeedback training: Ancillary study. Neurophysiol Clin, S0987-7053(21)00124-6. doi: 10.1016/j.neucli.2021.11.003.
- Alba, G., Vila, J., Miranda, J.G.V., Montoya, P., & Muñoz, M.A. (2022). Tonic pain reduces autonomic responses and EEG functional connectivity elicited by affective stimuli. Psychophysiol, e14018. doi: 10.1111/psyp.14018.
- Mingorance, J.A., Montoya, P., Miranda, J.G.V., & Riquelme, I. (2022). Differences in postural balance, pain sensitivity and depression between individuals with acute and chronic back pain. J Clin Med, 11: 2700. doi: 10.3390/jcm11102700.
- Fischer-Jbali, L.R., Montoro, C.I., Montoya, P., Halder, W., & Duschek, S. (2022). Central nervous activity during an emotional Stroop task in fibromyalgia syndrome. Int J Psychophysiol, 177: 133-144. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2022.05.009.
- Fischer-Jbali, L.R., Montoro, C.I., Montoya, P., Halder, W., & Duschek, S. (2022). Central nervous activity during a dot probe task with facial expressions in fibromyalgia. Biol Psychol, 108361. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2022.108361.
- Riera, L., Verger, S., Montoya, P., & Perales, F.J. (2022). Advances in the cognitive management of chronic pain in children through the use of virtual reality combined with binaural beats: a pilot study. Advances in Human-Computer Interaction, 2022: 2495182. doi: 10.1155/2022/2495182.
- Rischer, K.M., Anton, F., González-Roldán, A.M., Montoya, P., & van der Meulen, M. (2022). Better executive functions are associated with more efficient cognitive pain modulation in older adults: An fMRI study. Front Aging Neurosci, 14: 828742. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2022.828742.
- Sitges, C., Terrasa, J.L., García-Dopico, N., Segur-Ferrer, J., Velasco-Roldán, O., Crespí, J., González-Roldán, A.M., & Montoya, P. (2022). An educational and exercise mobile phone-based intervention to elicit electrophysiological changes and to improve psychological functioning in adults with non-specific chronic low bBack pain (BackFit App): A non-randomized clinical trial. JMIR mHealth and uHealth, 10:e29171. doi: 10.2196/29171.


- Belmonte-Darraz, S., Montoro, C.I., Andrade, N.C., Montoya, P., & Riquelme, I. (2021). Alteration of emotion knowledge and its relationship with emotion regulation and psychopathological behavior in children with cerebral palsy. J Autism Dev Disord, 51: 1238-1248. doi: 10.1007/s10803-020-04605-1.
- Fischer-Jbali, L.R., Montoro, C.I., Montoya, P., Halder, W., & Duschek, S. (2021). Central nervous activity during implicit processing of emotional face expressions in fibromyalgia syndrome. Brain Research, 1758: 147333. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2021.147333.
- González-Roldán, A.M., Terrasa, J.L., Prats-Sedano, M.A., Sitges, C., van der Meulen, M., Anton, F., & Montoya, P. (2021). Intact pain modulation through manipulation of controllability and expectations in aging. Eur J Pain, 25: 1472–1481. doi: 10.1002/ejp.1760.
- Mingorance, J.A., Montoya, P., Miranda, J.G.V., & Riquelme, I. (2021). A comparison of the effect of two types of whole body vibration platforms on fibromyalgia. A randomized controlled trial. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18: 3007. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18063007.
- Mingorance, J.A., Montoya, P., Miranda, J.G.V., & Riquelme, I. (2021). An observational study comparing fibromyalgia and chronic low back pain in somatosensory sensitivity, motor function and balance. Healthcare Healthcare, 9: 1533. doi: 10.3390/healthcare9111533.
- Mingorance, J.A., Montoya, P., Miranda, J.G.V., & Riquelme, I. (2021). The therapeutic effects of whole-body vibration in patients with fibromyalgia. A randomized controlled trial. Front Neurol, 12: 658383. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2021.658383.
- Montoro, C.I., Winterholler C., Terrasa J.L., & Montoya, P. (2021). Somatosensory gating is modulated by anodal transcranial direct current stimulation. Front Neurosci, 15: 651253. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2021.651253.
- Riquelme, I., Escobio-Prieto, I., Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, A., Heredia-Rizo, A.M., & Montoya, P. (2021). Effect of social support in pain sensitivity in children with cerebral palsy and typically developing children. Int J Environ Res Public Health, 18: 4661. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18094661.
- Riquelme, I., Silva do Rosario, R., Vehmaskoski, K., Natunen, P., & Montoya, P. (2021). Autonomous nervous system regulation of pain in children with cerebral palsy. Brain Injury, 35: 356-362. doi: 10.1080/02699052.2020.1863469.
- Riquelme, I., Sabater-Gárriz, A., & Montoya, P. (2021). Pain and communication in children with cerebral palsy: influence on parents’ perception of family impact and satisfaction with health services. Children, 8: 87. doi: 10.3390/children8020087.
- Sitges, C., Velasco-Roldán, O., Crespí, J., Garcia-Dopico, N., Segur, J., González-Roldán, A.M., & Montoya, P. (2021). Acute effects of a brief physical exercise intervention on somatosensory perception, lumbar strength, and flexibility in patients with non-specific chronic low-back pain. Journal of Pain Research, 2021: 487—500. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S274134.
- Terassi, M., Montoya, P., Pavarini, S.C.I., & Hortense, P. (2021). Influence of chronic pain on cognitive performance in elderly caregivers: a longitudinal study. Rev Bras Enferm, 74: e20200412. doi: 10.1590/0034-7167-2020-0412.
- Terassi, M., Ottaviani, A.C., Nestor de Souza, E., Fraga, F.J., Montoya, P., Pavarini, S.C.I., & Hortense, P. (2021). Cognition and chronic pain: an analysis of community-dwelling elderly caregivers and non-caregivers. Arq Neuropsiquiatr, 79: 201-208. doi: 10.1590/0004-282x-anp-2019-0459.
- Terrasa, J.L., Montoya, P., Sitges, C., van der Meulen, M., Anton, F., & González-Roldán, A.M. (2021). Anterior cingulate cortex activity during rest is related to alterations in pain perception in aging. Front Aging Neurosci, 13: 695200. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2021.695200.


- González-Roldán, A.M., Terrasa, J.L., Sitges, C., van der Meulen, M., Anton, F., & Montoya, P. (2020). Age-related changes in pain perception are associated with altered functional connectivity during resting state. Front Aging Neurosci, 12: 116. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2020.00116.
- González-Roldán, A.M., Terrasa, J.L., Sitges, C., van der Meulen, M., Anton, F., & Montoya, P. (2020). Alterations in neural responses and pain perception in older adults during distraction. Psychosom Med, 82: 869-876. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0000000000000870.
- Novaes Santana, A., Novaes de Santana, C., & Montoya, P. (2020). Chronic pain diagnosis using machine learning, questionnaires, and QST: a sensitivity experiment. Diagnostics, 10: 958. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics10110958.
- Rischer, K.M., González-Roldán, A.M., Montoya, P., Gigl, S., Anton, F., & van der Meulen, M. (2020). Distraction from pain: The role of selective attention and pain catastrophizing. Eur J Pain, 24: 1880-1891. doi: 10.1002/ejp.1634.
- Terrasa, J.L., Barros-Loscertales, A., Montoya, P., & Muñoz M.A. (2020). Self-regulation of SMR power led to an enhancement of functional connectivity of somatomotor cortices in fibromyalgia patients. Front Neurosci, 14: 236. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2020.00236.


- Alba, G., Vila, J., Rey, B., Montoya, P., & Muñoz M.A. (2019). The relationship between heart rate variability and electroencephalography functional connectivity variability is associated with cognitive flexibility. Front Hum Neurosci, 13: 64. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00064.
- Belmonte, S., Montoya, P., González-Roldán, A.M., & Riquelme, I. (2019). Reduced brain processing of affective pictures in children with cerebral palsy. Res Dev Disabil, 94: 103457. doi: 10.1016/j.ridd.2019.103457.
- Duschek, S., Nassauer, L., Montoro, C.I., Bair, A., & Montoya, P. (2019). Dispositional empathy is associated with experimental pain reduction during provision of social support by romantic partners. Scand J Pain, 20: 205-9. doi: 10.1515/sjpain-2019-0025.
- França, L.G.S., Montoya, P., & Miranda, J.G.V. (2019). On multifractals: A non-linear study of actigraphy data. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 514: 612-9. doi: 10.1016/j.physa.2018.09.122.
- Larbig, W., Andoh, J., Huse, E., Stahl-Corino, D., Montoya, P., Seltzer, Z., & Flor, H. (2019). Pre- and postoperative predictors of phantom limb pain. Neurosci Lett, 702:44-50. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2018.11.044.
Martínez-Selva, J.M., Muñoz, M.A., Sánchez-Navarro, J.P., Walteros, C., & Montoya, P. (2019). Time course of the neural activity related to behavioral decision-making as revealed by event-related potentials. Frontiers In Behavioral Neuroscience, 13: 191. doi:
- Novaes Santana, A., Cifre, I., Novaes de Santana, C., & Montoya, P. (2019). Using Deep Learning and Resting-state fMRI to Classify Chronic Pain Conditions. Frontiers in Neuroscience Brain Imaging Methods, 13: 1313. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.01313.
- Terrasa, J.L., Alba, G., Cifre, I., Rey, B., Montoya, P., & Muñoz M.A. (2019). Power spectral density and functional connectivity changes due to a sensorimotor neurofeedback training: a preliminary study. Neural Plast, 7647204. doi: 10.1155/2019/7647204.
- Zamorano, A., Montoya, P., Cifre, I., Vuust, P., Riquelme, I., & Kleber B. (2019). Experience-dependent neuroplasticity in trained musicians modulates the effects of chronic pain on insula-based networks - A resting-state fMRI study. Neuroimage, 202: 116103. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.116103.


- Gordon, C.M., Lindner, S.M., Birbaumer, N., Montoya, P., Ankney, R.L., & Andrasik, F. (2018). Self-myofascial vibro-shearing: a randomized controlled trial of biomechanical and related changes in male breakdancers. Sports Medicine - Open, 4:13. doi: 10.1186/s40798-018-0128-1.
- Montoya, P. (2018). Cognitive and affective neuroscience of chronic pain: relevance for physiotherapy. Journal of Physiotherapy Research – JPR, 8, 131-137. doi: 10.17267/2238-2704rpf.v8i1.1826.
- Rey, B., Rodríguez, A., Lloréns-Bufort, E., Tembl, J., Muñoz, M.A., Montoya, P., Herrero-Bosch, V., & Monzo, J.M. (2018). Design and validation of an FPGA-based configurable transcranial doppler neurofeedback system for chronic pain patients. Sensors, 18. pii: E2278. doi: 10.3390/s18072278.
- Riquelme, I., Hatem, S.M., & Montoya, P. (2018). Reduction of pain sensitivity after somatosensory therapy in children with autism spectrum disorders. J Abnorm Child Psychol, 46(8):1731-1740. doi: 10.1007/s10802-017-0390-6.
- Riquelme, I., Pades, A., & Montoya, P. (2018). Parents and physiotherapists recognition of non-verbal communication of pain in individuals with cerebral palsy. Health Communication, 33, 1448-1453. doi: 10.1080/10410236.2017.1358243.
- Riquelme, I., Silva do Rosário, R., Vehmaskoski, K., Natunen, P., & Montoya, P. (2018). Influence of chronic pain in physical activity of children with cerebral palsy. NeuroRehabilitation, 43, 113-123. doi: 10.3233/NRE-172409.
- Sitges, C., González-Roldán, A.M., Duschek, S., & Montoya, P. (2018). Emotional influences on cognitive processing in fibromyalgia patients with different depression levels: an event-related potential study. Clin J Pain, 34(12):1106-1113. doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000637.
- Terrasa, J.L., Montoya, P., González-Roldán, A.M., & Sitges, C. (2018). Inhibitory control impairment on somatosensory gating due to aging: an event-related potential study. Front Hum Neurosci, 12, 280. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2018.00280.


- Ciria, L., Muñoz, M.A., Gea, J., Peña, N., Miranda, J.G., Montoya, P., & Vila, J. (2017). Head movement measurement: An alternative method for posturography studies. Gait Posture, 52, 100-106. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.11.020.
- Costa, I.S., Gamundí, A., Miranda, J.G.V., França, L.G.S., De Santana, C.N., & Montoya, P. (2017). Altered Functional Performance in Patients with Fibromyalgia. Front Hum Neurosci, 11:14. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00014.
- Lopes, T.S., Silva, W.S., Ribeiro, S.B., Figueiredo, C.A., Campbell, F.Q., Daltro, G.C., Valenzuela, A., Montoya, P., Lucena, R.C., & Baptista, A.F. (2017). Does Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation combined with Peripheral Electrical Stimulation have an additive effect in the control of hip joint osteonecrosis pain associated with sickle cell disease? A protocol for a one-session double blind, block-randomized clinical trial. Front Hum Neurosci, 11:633. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00633
- Luz-Santos, C., Camatti, J.R., Paixão, A.B., Sá, K.N., Montoya, P., Lee, M., & Baptista, A.F. (2017). Additive effect of tDCS combined with peripheral electrical stimulation to an exercise program in pain control in knee osteoarthritis: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials, 18:609. doi: 10.1186/s13063-017-2332-6.
- Rodríguez, A., Tembl, J., Mesa-Gresa, P., Muñoz, M.A., Montoya, P., & Rey, B. (2017). Altered cerebral blood flow velocity features in fibromyalgia patients in resting-state conditions. PLoS One 12(7):e0180253. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180253.
- Zamorano AM, Cifre I, Montoya, P., Riquelme I, & Kleber B. (2017). Insula-based networks in professional musicians: Evidence for increased functional connectivity during resting state fMRI. Hum Brain Mapp, 38(10), 4834-4849. doi: 10.1002/hbm.23682.


- Dehghan, M., Schmidt-Wilcke, T., Pfleiderer, B., Eickhoff, S.B., Petzke, F., Harris, R.E., Montoya, P., & Burgmer, M. (2016). Coordinate-based (ALE) meta-analysis of brain activation in patients with fibromyalgia. Hum Brain Mapp, 37(5), 1749-58. doi: 10.1002/hbm.23132.
- Gonzalez-Roldan, A.M., Bomba, I.C., Diesch, E., Montoya, P., Flor, H., & Kamping, S. (2016). Controllability and hippocampal activation during pain expectation in fibromyalgia syndrome. Biol Psychol, pii: S0301-0511(16)30284-8. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2016.09.007.
- Gonzalez-Roldan, A.M., Cifre, I., Sitges, C., & Montoya, P. (2016). Altered dynamic of EEG oscillations in fibromyalgia patients at rest. Pain Medicine, 17(6), 1058-1068. doi: 10.1093/pm/pnw023.
- Meneses, F.M., Queirós, F.C., Montoya, P., Miranda, J.G.V., Dubois-Mendes, S.M., Sá, K.N., Luz-Santos, C., & Baptista, A.F. (2016). Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and chronic pain display enhanced alpha power density at rest. Front Hum Neurosci, 10, 395. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2016.00395
- Pinheiro, E.S.S., Queirós, F.C., Montoya, P., Santos, C.L., Nascimento, M.A., Ito, C.H., Silva, M., Santos, D.B.N., Benevides, S., Miranda, J.G.V., Sá, K.N., & Baptista, A.F. (2016). Electroencephalographic patterns in chronic pain: a systematic review of the literature. PLoS One, 11(2): e014908.
- Riquelme, I., Hatem, S.M., & Montoya, P. (2016). Abnormal pressure pain, touch sensitivity, proprioception and manual dexterity in children with autism spectrum disorders. Neural Plasticity, 1723401.


- Badia, M., Orgaz, M.B., Riquelme, I., & Montoya, P. (2015). The relationship of cerebral palsy comorbid conditions with participation and quality of life. In: Matson, J.L., & Matson, M.L. (Eds.), Comorbid conditions among children with intellectual disabilities. Springer, pp. 389-415.
- Campos-Bueno, J.J., de Juan-Ayala, O., Montoya, P., & Birbaumer, N. (2015). Emotional dimensions of music and painting and their interaction. Span J Psychol, 18, E54.
- Chialvo, D.R., Gonzalez-Torrado, A.M., Gudowska-Nowak, E., Ochab, J.K., Montoya, P., Nowak, M.A., & Tagliazucchi, E. (2015). How we move is universal: scaling in the average shape of human activity. Papers in Physics 7, 070017.
- Cosmo, C., Baptista, A.F., Araújo, A.N., Rosario, R.S., Miranda, J.G.V., Montoya, P., & Sena, E.P. (2015). A randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial of transcranial direct current stimulation in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. PloS One, 10, e0135371.
- Cosmo, C., Ferrerira, C., Miranda, J.G.V., Rosario, R.S., Baptista, A.F., Montoya, P., & Sena, E.P. (2015). Spreading effect of tDCS in individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder as shown by functional cortical networks: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial. Front Psychiatry, 6, 111.
- Riquelme, I., Cifre, I., & Montoya, P. (2015). Are physiotherapists reliable proxies for the recognition of pain in individuals with cerebral palsy? A cross sectional study. Disabil Health J, 8, 264-270.
- Rosario, R.S., Canario, P.T.C., Muñoz, M.A., Montoya, P., & Miranda, J.G.V. (2015). Motif-Synchronization: A new method for analysis of dynamic brain networks with EEG. Physica A, 439, 7-19.
- Rossello, F., Muñoz, M.A., Duschek, S., & Montoya, P. (2015). Affective modulation of brain and autonomic responses in patients with fibromyalgia. Psychosom Med, 77, 721-732.
- Zamorano, A., Riquelme, I., Kleber, B., Altenmüller, E., Hatem, S.M., & Montoya, P. (2015). Pain sensitivity and tactile spatial acuity are altered in healthy musicians as in chronic pain patients. Front Hum Neurosci, 8, 1016.


- Badia, M., Riquelme, I., Orgaz, B., Acevedo, R., Longo, E., & Montoya, P. (2014). Pain, motor function and health-related quality of life in children with cerebral palsy as reported by their physiotherapists. BMC Pediatrics, 14, 192.
- Duschek, S., Werner, N.S., Limbert, N., Winkelmann, A., & Montoya, P. (2014). Attentional bias towards negative information in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. Pain Medicine, 15, 603-12.
- Gea, J., Muñoz, M.A., Costa, I., Ciria, L.F., Miranda, J.G.V., & Montoya, P. (2014). Viewing pain and happy faces elicited similar changes in postural body sway. PloS One, 9 (8), e104381.
- Hess, L.E., Haimovici, A., Muñoz, M.A., & Montoya, P. (2014). Beyond pain: modeling decision-making deficits in chronic pain. Front Behav Neurosci, 8, 263.
- Peciña, M., Martínez-Jauand, M., Love, T., Heffernan, J., Montoya, P., Hodgkinson, C., Stohler, C.S., Goldman, D., & Zubieta, J.K. (2014). Valence specific effects of BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on dopaminergic stress and reward processing in humans. J Neurosci, 34, 5874-81.
- Riquelme, I., Cifre, I., Muñoz, M.A., & Montoya, P. (2014). Altered corticomuscular coherence elicited by paced isotonic contractions in individuals with cerebral palsy: a case-control study. J Electromyogr Kinesiol, 24, 928-33.
- Riquelme, I., Padron, I., Cifre, I., Gonzalez-Roldan, A.M., & Montoya, P. (2014). Differences in somatosensory processing due to dominant hemispheric motor impairment in cerebral palsy. BMC Neuroscience, 15, 10.


- Costa, I., Frascarelli, M., Mantecón, A., Montoya, P., & Muñoz, M.A. (2013). Intervención terapéutica en el dolor crónico desde una perspectiva biopsicosocial. In: Molina, J., & Riquelme, I. (Eds.), Dolor crónico: Factores moduladores, valoración e intervención fisioterapéutica. Madrid: FUDEN, pp. 79-99. 
- González-Roldán, A., Martínez-Jauand, M., Sánchez-Nàcher, N., Cifre, I., & Montoya, P. (2013). La investigación sobre el dolor crónico desde una perspectiva biopsicosocial. In: Molina, J., & Riquelme, I. (Eds.), Dolor crónico: Factores moduladores, valoración e intervención fisioterapéutica. Madrid: FUDEN, pp. 23-37. 
- González-Roldán, A.M., Muñoz, M.A., Cifre, I., Sitges, S., & Montoya, P. (2013). Altered psychophysiological responses to the view of others' pain and anger faces in fibromyalgia patients. Journal of Pain, 14, 709-19.
- Mantecón, A., Rosselló, F.V., Sánchez-Nàcher, N., Frascarelli, M., Sitges, C., & Montoya, P. (2013). Evaluación de los factores afectivos y cognitivos implicados en el dolor crónico. In: Molina, J., & Riquelme, I. (Eds.), Dolor crónico: Factores moduladores, valoración e intervención fisioterapéutica. Madrid: FUDEN, pp. 57-77.
- Martínez-Jauand, M., Femenia, J., Sitges, C., & Montoya, P. (2013). El papel de los factores genéticos y hormonales en el dolor crónico. In: Molina, J., & Riquelme, I. (Eds.), Dolor crónico: Factores moduladores, valoración e intervención fisioterapéutica. Madrid: FUDEN, pp. 39-55.
- Martínez-Jauand, M., Sitges, C., Femenia, J., Cifre, I., González, S., Chialvo, D., & Montoya, P. (2013). Age-of-onset of menopause is associated with enhanced painful and non-painful sensitivity in fibromyalgia. Clin Rheumatol, 32, 975-981.
- Martínez-Jauand, M., Sitges, C., Rodríguez, V., Picornell, A., Ramon, M., Buskila, D., & Montoya, P. (2013). Pain sensitivity in fibromyalgia is associated with catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene. Eur J Pain, 17, 16-27.
- Muñoz, M.A., Viedma-Del-Jesus, M.I., Rossello, F., Sánchez-Nàcher, N., Montoya, P., & Vila, J. (2013). The emotional impact of European tobacco-warning images. Tob Control, 22,123-9.
- Riquelme, I., & Montoya, P. (2013). El dolor en personas con parálisis cerebral. In: Molina, J., & Riquelme, I. (Eds.), Dolor crónico: Factores moduladores, valoración e intervención fisioterapéutica. Madrid: FUDEN, pp. 213-239.
- Riquelme, I., Zamorano, A., & Montoya, P. (2013). Reduction of pain sensitivity after somatosensory therapy in adults with cerebral palsy. Front Hum Neurosci, 7, 276.


- Cifre, I., Sitges, C., Fraiman, D., Muñoz, M.A., Balenzuela, P., Gonzalez-Roldan, A.M., Martinez-Jauand, M., Birbaumer, N., Chialvo, D.R., & Montoya, P. (2012). Disrupted functional connectivity of the pain network in fibromyalgia. Psychosom Med, 74, 55-62.
- Duschek, S., Mannhart, T., Winkelmann, A., Merzoug, K., Werner, N.S., Schuepbach, D., & Montoya, P. (2012). Cerebral blood flow dynamics during pain processing in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome. Psychosom Med, 74, 802-9.
- Martínez-Jauand, M., Gonzalez-Roldan, A., Muñoz, M.A., Sitges, C., Cifre, I., & Montoya, P. (2012). Somatosensory activity modulation during observation of other´s pain and touch. Brain Research, 1467, 48-55.
- Muñoz, M.A., Anllo-Vento, L., Fernandez-Santaella, M.C., Montoya, P., & Vila J. (2012). Modulation of the outcome related negativity associated with nicotine abstinence. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol, 20, 151-60.


- Aguirre, I., Carretero, B., Ibarra, O., Kuhalainen, J., Martinez, J., Ferrer, A., Salva, J., Roca, M., Gili, M., Montoya, P., & Garcia-Toro, M. (2011). Age predicts low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation efficacy in major depression. J Affect Disord, 130, 466-469.
- Campos Bueno, J.J., Montoya, P., & Birbaumer, N. (2011). Naturalistic observation in the Hispanic world and its contribution to the development of Comparative Psychology. Psychologia Latina, 2, 1-10.
- González-Roldán, A.M., Martinez-Jauand, M., Muñoz-Garcia, M.A., Sitges, C., Cifre, I., & Montoya, P. (2011). Temporal dissociation in the brain processing of pain and anger faces with different intensities of emotional expression. Pain, 152, 853-9.
- Muñoz, M.A., Sanjuan, R., Fernandez-Santaella, M.C., Vila, J., & Montoya, P. (2011). Aspectos neuropsicologicos del craving por la nicotina. Adicciones, 23, 111-123.
- Riquelme, I., Cifre, I., & Montoya, P. (2011). Age-related changes of pain experience in cerebral palsy and healthy individuals. Pain Medicine, 12, 535-45.
- Sánchez-Nàcher, N., Campos-Bueno, J.J., Sitges, C., & Montoya, P. (2011). Event-related brain responses as correlates of changes in predictive and affective values of conditioned stimuli. Brain Research, 1414C, 77-84.
- Tagliazucchi, E., Balenzuela, P., Fraiman, D., Montoya, P., & Chialvo, D.R. (2011). Spontaneous BOLD event triggered averages for estimating functional connectivity at resting state. Neurosci Let, 488, 158-163.
- Walteros, C., Sánchez-Navarro, J.P., Muñoz, M.A., Martinez-Selva, J.M., Chialvo, D.R., & Montoya, P. (2011). Altered associative learning and emotional decision-making in fibromyalgia. J Psychosom Res, 70, 294-301.


- Balenzuela, P., Chernomoretz, A., Fraiman, D., Cifre, I., Sitges, I., Montoya, P., & Chialvo, D.R. (2010). Modular organization of brain resting state networks in chronic back pain patients. Front Neurosci, 4, 1-16.
- Bornas, X., Noguera, M., Tortella-Feliu, M., Llabres, J., Montoya, P., Sitges, C., & Tur, I. (2010). Exposure induced changes in EEG phase synchrony and entropy: A snake phobia case report. International Journal of Clinical Health Psychology, 10, 167-179.
- Montoya, P. (2010). La estetica del dolor cronico. In: Martin-Araguz, A., Campos-Bueno, J.J., Fernandez-Armayor Ajo, V., & de Juan Ayala, O. (Eds), Neuroestética. Madrid: Saned.
- Riquelme, I., & Montoya, P. (2010). Developmental changes in somatosensory processing in cerebral palsy and healthy individuals. Clin Neurophysiol, 121, 1314-1320.
- Sitges, C., Bornas, X., Llabres, J., Noguera, M., & Montoya, P. (2010). Linear and nonlinear EEG dynamics in chronic pain patients. Int J Psychophysiol, 77, 176-183.


- Birbaumer, N., Murguialday, A.R., Weber, C., & Montoya, P. (2009). Neurofeedback and Brain-Computer-Interface (BCI): clinical applications. Int Rev Neurobiol, 86, 107-17.
- Campos Bueno, J.J., Montoya, P., & Birbaumer, N. (2009). La observacion naturalista en el mundo hispanico y su contribucion al desarrollo de la Psicologia Comparada. Revista de Historia de la Psicologia, 30, 2-3, 57-64.
- Carretero, B., Martin, M.J.., Juan, A., Pradana, M.L., Martin, B., Carral, M., Jimeno, T., Pareja, A., Montoya, P., Aguirre, I., Salva, J., Roca, M., Gili, M., & Garcia-Toro, M. (2009). Low-frequency transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with fibromyalgia and major depression. Pain Medicine, 10, 748-53.
- De Juan, O., Rossello, F., Montoya, P., Campos Bueno, J.J., & Birbaumer, N. (2009). De Darwin a la música y pintura a través de la emoción. Neurologia, 24, 775-6.
- Gu, Y., Farina, D., Murguialday, A.R., Dremstrup, K., Montoya, P., & Birbaumer, N. (2009). Imagined speed of wrist movements in paralysed ALS patients can be classified with high accuracy from EEG data. Front Neurosci, 3, 62.
- Salgueiro, M., Buesa, I., Aira, Z., Montoya, P., Bilbao, J., & Azkue, J.J. (2009). Valoración de factores sociales y clínicos en el síndrome de fibromialgia. Rev Soc Esp Dolor, 16, 323-329.


- Montoya, P., & Sitges, C. (2008). Aspectos practicos de la intervencion en pacientes con dolor desde una perspectiva psicobiologica. In: Aguilera, L., & Azkue, J.J. (Eds.), Adquisiciones recientes en el tratamiento del dolor. Barcelona: Editorial C. Barutell, pp. 257-280.


- Alorda, C., Serrano-Pedraza, I., Campos-Bueno, J.J., Sierra-Vazquez, V., & Montoya, P. (2007). Low spatial frequency filtering modulates early brain processing of affective complex pictures. Neuropsychologia, 45, 3223-3233.
- Bornas, X., Llabres, J., Tortella-Feliu, M., Sullana, M.A., Montoya, P., Lopez, A., Noguera, M., & Gelabert, J.M. (2007). Vagally mediated heart rate variability and heart rate entropy as predictors of treatment outcome in flight phobia. Biological Psychology, 76, 188-195.
- Sitges, C., Garcia-Herrera, M., Pericas, M., Collado, D., Truyols, M., & Montoya, P. (2007). Abnormal brain processing of affective and sensory pain descriptors in chronic pain patients. J Affect Disord, 104, 73-82.


- Bornas, X., Llabres, J., Noguera, M., Lopez, A.M., Tortella-Feliu, M., Fullana, M.A., Montoya, P., Gelabert, J.M., & Vila, I. (2006). Changes in heart rate variability of flight phobics during a paced breathing task and exposure to fearful stimuli. Int J Clin Health Psychol, 6, 549-563.
- Larbig, W., Montoya, P., Braun, C., & Birbaumer, N. (2006). Abnormal reactivity of the primary somatosensory cortex during physical load in complex regional pain syndrome: a magnetoencephalogaphic case study. Neurocase, 12, 280-285.
- Montoya, P., & Larbig, W. (2006). Abnormal somatosensory brain processing in fibromyalgia: neurophysiological and behavioral evidence. In: Pederson, J.A. (Ed), New research on fibromyalgia. Hauppauge, NY: Nova Science Publishers Inc, pp. 129-156.
- Montoya, P., & Sitges, C. (2006). Affective modulation of somatosensory evoked potentials elicited by tactile stimulation. Brain Research, 1068, 205-212.
- Montoya, P., Sitges, C., Garcia-Herrera, M., Izquierdo, R., Truyols, M., & Collado, D. (2006). Consideraciones sobre las alteraciones de la actividad cerebral en pacientes con fibromialgia. Reumatologia Clinica, 2, 251-260.
- Montoya, P., Sitges, C., Garcia-Herrera, M., Rodriguez-Cotes, A., Izquierdo, R., Truyols, M., & Collado, D. (2006). Reduced brain habituation to somatosensory stimulation in patients with fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum, 54, 1995-2003.


- Campos Bueno, J.J., Serrano, I., Alorda, T., Sierra Vazquez, V., & Montoya, P. (2005). Obtención de datos experimentales sobre imágenes con contenido emocional en el campus virtual UCM. In: II Jornada Campus Virtual UCM: como integrar investigación y docencia en el CV-UCM. Madrid: Editorial Complutense, pp. 359-369.
- Montoya, P. (2005). Miembros fantasmas. In: Morgado, I. (Ed.), Psicobiologia: de los genes a la cognicion y el comportamiento. Barcelona: Ariel Neurociencia, pp. 69-78.
- Montoya, P. (2005). Neurobiologia del efecto placebo. In: Torres Pinar, I., Lazaro Ferreruela, M., & Rojo Arias, M.A. (Eds.), La prescripcion farmacologica: ética y racionalidad clínica. Palma de Mallorca.
- Montoya, P., Campos, J.J., & Schandry, R. (2005). See red? Turn pale? Unveiling emotions through cardiovascular and hemodynamic changes. Span J Psychol, 8, 79-85.
- Montoya, P., Pauli, P., Batra, A., & Wiedemann, G. (2005). Altered processing of pain-related information in patients with fibromyalgia. Eur J Pain, 9, 293-303.
- Montoya, P., Sitges, C., Garcia-Herrera, M., Izquierdo, R., Truyols, M., Blay, N., & Collado, D. (2005). Abnormal affective modulation of somatosensory brain processing among fibromyalgia patients. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 957-963.


- Montoya, P. (2004). El sindrome de la fibromialgia desde una perspectiva biopsicosocial. In: Lazaro Ferreruela, M., & Torres Pinar, I. (Eds.), La salut mental i la dona. Palma de Mallorca, pp. 220-231.
- Montoya, P., Larbig, W., Braun, C., Preissl, H., & Birbaumer, N. (2004). Influence of social support and emotional context on pain processing and magnetic brain responses in fibromyalgia. Arthritis Rheum, 50, 4035-44.


- Pauli, P., Montoya, P., & Martz, G.-E. (2001). On-line and a posteriori covariation estimates in panic-prone individuals: effects of a high contingency of shocks following fear-irrelevant stimuli. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 103-116.


- Lotze, M., Montoya, P., Erb, M., Hulsmann, E., Flor, H., Klose, U., Birbaumer, N. & Grodd, W. (1999). Activation of cortical and cerebellar motor areas during executed and imagined hand movements: an fMRI study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 11, 491-501.


- Montoya, P. (1998). Fundamentos neurobiologicos del dolor en el miembro fantasma. IberPsicologia, 3. 1. 3.
- Montoya, P., Ritter, K., Huse, E., Larbig, W., Toepfner, S., Lutzenberger, W., Grodd, W., Flor, H., & Birbaumer, N. (1998). The cortical somatotopic map and phantom phenomena in subjects with congenital limb atrophy and traumatic amputees with phantom limb pain. European Journal of Neuroscience, 10, 1095-1102.
- Pauli, P., Wiedemann, G., & Montoya, P. (1998). Covariation bias in flight phobics. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 12, 555-565.


- Birbaumer, N., Lutzenberger, W., Montoya, P., Larbig, W., Unertl, K., Grodd, W., Taub, E., & Flor, H. (1997). Effects of regional anaesthesia on phantom limb pain are mirrored in changes in cortical reorganization. Journal of Neuroscience, 17, 5503-5508.
- Montoya, P., Brody, S., Beck, K., Veit, R., & Rau, H. (1997). Differential beta- and alpha-adrenergic activation under psychological stress. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 75, 256-262.
- Montoya, P., Larbig, W., Grulke, N., Flor, H., Taub, E., & Birbaumer, N. (1997). The relationship of phantom limb pain with other phantom limb phenomena in upper limb amputees. Pain, 72, 87-93.
- Pauli, P., Dengler, W., Wiedemann, G., Montoya, P., Birbaumer, N., Flor, H., & Buchkremer, G. (1997). Behavioral and neurophysiological evidence for altered processing of anxiety-related words in panic disorder. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 213-220.


- Larbig, W., Montoya, P., Flor, H., Bilow, H., Weller, S., & Birbaumer, N. (1996). Evidence for a change in neural processing after amputation. Pain, 67, 275-283.
- Montoya, P., Larbig, W., Pulvermueller, F., Flor, H., & Birbaumer, N.(1996). Cortical correlates of classical semantic conditioning. Psychophysiology, 33, 644-649.
- Pauli, P., Montoya, P., & Martz, G-E. (1996). Covariation bias in panic-prone individuals. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105, 658-662.
- Rau, H., Weitkunat, R., Brody, S., Buehrer, M., Jonak, M., & Montoya, P. (1996). Biofeedback of R-wave to pulse interval produces differential learning of blood pressure control. Scandinavian Journal of Behavior Therapy, 25, 17-25.
- Schandry, R., & Montoya, P. (1996). Event-related brain potentials and the processing of cardiac activity. Biological Psychology, 42, 75-85.


- Mini, A., Rau, H., Montoya, P., Palomba, D., & Birbaumer, N. (1995).Baroreceptor cortical effects, emotions, and pain. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 19, 67-77.
- Montoya, P., Campos, J.J., & Schandry, R. (1995). Aspectos psicofisiologicos de la autopercepcion cardiaca. Psicologica, 16, 27-48.


- Brody, S., Maier, C., Montoya, P., & Rau, H. (1994). Speaking from the heart: cardiovascular components of stress rating changes and the relative reactivity of physiological and psychological variables. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 69, 277-280.
- Montoya, P. (1994). Herzwahrnehmung und hirnelektrische Aktivitaet - Eine Analyse der topographischen Verteilung von herzschlag-synchron evozierten Potentialen (HEP) [Cardiac awareness and event-related potentials: an analysis of topographical distribution of heartbeat-evoked potentials]. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang GmbH.
- Montoya, P., & Schandry, R. (1994). Emotional experience and heartbeat perception in patients with spinal cord injury and control subjects. Journal of Psychophysiology, 8, 289-296.
- Mueller, A., Montoya, P., Schandry, R., & Hartl, L. (1994). Changes in physical symptoms, blood pressure and quality of life over 30 days. Behavior Research and Therapy, 32, 593-603.


- Montoya, P., Schandry, R., & Mueller, A. (1993). Heartbeat evoked potentials (HEP): topography and influence of cardiac awareness and focus of attention. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 88, 163-172.
- Schandry, R., Bestler, M., & Montoya, P. (1993). On the relation between cardiodynamics and heartbeat perception. Psychophysiology, 30, 467-474.


- Bestler, M., Alt, E., Montoya, P., & Schandry, R. (1992) Einfluss von Koerperposition auf Herzfrequenz und kardiozirkulatorische Parameter unter Belastung - Implikationen fuer frequenzadaptierende Schrittmachersysteme. Zeitschrift fuer Kardiologie, 81, 25-29.
- Gsellhofer, B., Montoya, P., Mueller, A., Piesbergen, C., & Schandry, R. (1992). Zum Zusammenhang zwischen Stressbewaeltigung und Blutdruckreaktion. Zeitschrift fuer experimentelle und angewandte Psychologie, 39, 419-433.
- Mueller, A., Schandry, R., Montoya, P., & Gsellhofer, B. (1992) Differential effects of two stressors on heart rate, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, and T-wave amplitude. Journal of Psychophysiology, 6, 252-259.


- Montoya, P. (1988). Stress experimental y psicofisiologia del sistema gastrointestinal. Revista Española de Terapia del Comportamiento, 6, 69-80.

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University of the Balearic Islands
Research Institute of Health Sciences (IUNICS)
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